Kekoolani Genealogy of the Descendants of the Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii

Keliimaikai (Keali'imaikai, Kalanimalokuloku, Malokuloku, Kalanimalokuloku-i-Kepookalani) [Parents] 1, 2 died on 14 Nov 1809. He married Kaliko'okalani (Ka-liko-o-kalani).

Other marriages:
Ki'ilaweau (Ki'ilaweau I, Ki'ilaweau-a-Keoua),

Ke-lii-maikai Ka-lani-nui-malokuloku-i-ke-kapu. Brother of Kamehameha I. Chief High Priest of 'Io and also High Priest of Kane, according to one tradition.

Kaliko'okalani (Ka-liko-o-kalani) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4. married Keliimaikai (Keali'imaikai, Kalanimalokuloku, Malokuloku, Kalanimalokuloku-i-Kepookalani).

Other marriages:
Kalaninuikaleleau (Kaleleauikaloalii),
Kaleipaihala (Kaleipaihala I, Kaleipaihalanui, Kalaipahala, Ka-la’ i-pai-hala),

They had the following children:

  M i Benjamin Namakeha (Namakeha II, Namakehaokalani) was born in 1799. He died on 27 Dec 1860.
  M ii George Na'ea was born in 1797. He died in 1852.

Kekuaokalani (Kekuaokalani I, Kaiwi-Kuamoʻo Kekua-o-kalani) [Parents] was born in Dec 1819 in Kuamo'o. He married Manono (Manono II).


Kapi'iwi Kekuaokalani

Also Known As:
* Ka'owa Kekua-o-Kalani
* Keaoua Kekua-o-kalani
* Kaiwi-Kuamoʻo Kekua-o-kalani
* Kapi'iwi Kekuaokalani
* Kapii'iwi o-ke Akua-o-kalani

Genealogy of Huaimanono (w), grandmother of Kekuaokalaninui, who was killed in battle at Kuamoo, Kona, and for whom this name is called upon her grandchild, L. A. Kekuakapuokekuaokalani Coney, and her younger sibling.


Keeper of the war god Kukailimoku, and defended him when he was attacked after the breaking of the taboos in 1819.

Keaoua Kekua-o-kalani (sometimes known as Kaiwi-kuamoʻo Kekua-o-kalani) was a nephew of Kamehameha I, the chief from the Big Island of Hawaiʻi who had unified the Hawaiian islands. He was the son of Kamehameha's half brother Kealiʻimaikai and Kamehameha's half-sister Kiʻilaweau. After Kamehameha died in 1819, Keaoua rebelled against Kamehameha's successor, his son Liholiho. Keaoua's rebellion was brief; he was killed in battle about 21 December 1819.

After Kamehameha died, on 8 May 1819, power was officially assumed by Kamehameha's son Liholiho. Liholiho, at the urging of powerful female chiefs such as Kaʻahumanu, abolished the kapu system that had governed life in Hawaiʻi for centuries. Henceforth, men and women could eat together, women could eat formerly forbidden foods, and official worship at the stone platform temples, or heiaus, was discontinued. This event is called the ʻAi Noa, or free eating. As the historian Gavan Daws points out (Daws, 1967, pp. 54-59), this was a decision taken by the chiefs, and it primarily affected the state religion. Commoners could still worship their family protective deities, their aumakua; hula teachers could make offerings to Laka and Big Island Hawaiians could make offerings to the goddess Pele.

Nonetheless, some of the chiefs felt that if they were to abandon the kapus and the services at the heiaus, they would lose the religious justification and support for their rule. Liholiho, they felt, was courting disaster, and must be opposed, lest he take down everyone with him.
Keaoua Kekuaokalani was a Big Island noble. He was the son of Kamehameha's younger brother and if Liholiho were to die or be overthrown, would have a good claim to the throne. He was outraged by the abandonment of the old sacred traditions and withdrew from the royal court, then staying at Kailua-Kona, on the Big Island, and retired to Kaʻawaloa at Kealakekua Bay. Many opponents of the ʻAi Noa joined him in his self-imposed exile and urged him to try for the throne, saying, "The chief who prays to the god, he is the chief who will hold the rule." (Kamakau, 1961, p. 226) Some of the Hawaiians living in Hamakua, on the north coast of the Big Island, rebelled outright and killed some soldiers sent against them. The situation was perilous.
[edit]The emissaries

The king, Liholiho, and his chiefs took counsel and decided to send emissaries to Keaoua, asking him to abandon his defiance, return to Kailua, and join in the free eating again. Keaoua received the emissaries with apparent deference and said he was ready to return to Kailua the next day, but would not join in the free eating. The emissaries retired to rest, thinking the problem solved.

According to Kamakau, Keaoua's supporters spent the night arguing with their leader, urging him to kill the emissaries and mount a decisive rebellion, Keaoua forbade any assassinations but the next morning, when he and his followers were to board canoes for the return to Kailua, he refused. He said he and his men (drawn up in ranks, in warrior regalia) would go by land.

Again, he had not declared war outright — but this was tantamount to war. Liholiho sent forces under Kalanimoku to intercept Keaoua. Their forces met at Kuamoʻo, just South of Keauhou Bay. Keaoua fought bravely, but was eventually killed by rife fire. His wife Manono, who had been fighting at her husband's side, begged for mercy but was shot down as well. The rest of Keaoua's army scattered and the victory for Liholiho was complete.
This was the only armed rebellion in favor of the old religion.

The gymnasium at Old Kona Airport State Recreation Area is named in his honor.

*** References ***
Daws, Gavan, Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands, University of Hawaii Press, 1967
Kamakau, Samuel M., Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii, Kamehameha Schools Press, 1961 (a collection of newspaper articles written by Kamakau, in Hawaiian, during the 1800s)
Hiram Bingham I, A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands, Sherman Converse, New York, 1848

Manono (Manono II) [Parents] 1. married Kekuaokalani (Kekuaokalani I, Kaiwi-Kuamoʻo Kekua-o-kalani).

Other marriages:
Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha), (King of Hawaii)

Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Manono (Manono II). He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),

Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.


Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).


There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Manono (Manono II) [Parents] 1. married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii).

Other marriages:
Kekuaokalani (Kekuaokalani I, Kaiwi-Kuamoʻo Kekua-o-kalani),

Kekuamanoha [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. married 8 Kalola-a-Kumuko'a.

Other marriages:
Kamakahukilani (Kamakahukilani II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),

Alii Kekuamanoha of Maui


The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalaniopuuikapali-o-MoliIele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena:

2. Look at Kekaulike (k), page 4, no. 10.
3. Kekaulikeokalanikuihonoikamoku (k), King of Maui.

Here are the children:
1. Kauhiaimokuakama (k)
2. Kamehamehanui (k)
3. Kalola (w), mother of Kiwalao and Liliha
4. Kuhoohiehie (w)*
5. Kahekili (k)
6. Namahanaikaleleonalani (w)
7. Kekuamanoha (k)
8. Kekuapoiula (w)/ wife of King Kahahana
9. Kaeokulani (k), King of Kauai
10. Manuhaaipo (w), Queen of lao
11. Ahia
12. Nahulanui
[*Also spelled Kuhooheihei.]

Kalola-a-Kumuko'a [Parents] 1, 2. married 3 Kekuamanoha.

Other marriages:
Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha), (King of Hawaii)
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku II),

Child of half-brother and half-sister Pio marriage.

They had the following children:

  F i Manono (Manono II).

Kalaimamahu (Kalanimamahu) [Parents] 1 was born in 1764. He married Kaheiheimalie (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii) in 1795.

Other marriages:
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)

Kaheiheimalie (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2 was born in 1766 in Hāna, Maui. She died on 16 Jan 1842 in Lahaina, Maui. She was buried Waineʻe Cemetery. She married Kalaimamahu (Kalanimamahu) in 1795.

Other marriages:
Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha), (King of Hawaii)
Hoapili-kane, Ulumāheihei

NOTE: There are extensive NOTES for this individual. SCROLL PAST THE NOTES BELOW to see SPOUSE/FAMILY

FULL NAME: Miriam Kalākua Kaheiheimālie Hoapili-Wahine.

Through her daughters Elizabeth and Miriam she was grandmother of three kings: Kamehameha IV, Kamehameha V, and Lunalilo.

Governess of Maui 1840-1842

She was born c. 1778 into a noble (ali'i) family of Maui. Her father was Keʻeaumoku Pāpaʻiahiahi, a noble from Hawaiʻi Island. Her mother was Namahanaʻi Kaleleokalani, the former consort of her half-brother the late king of Maui, Kamehameha Nui. From her mother she was a member of the royal house of Maui. Her siblings included Hawaiʻi island Governor John Adams Kuakini, Queen Kaʻahumanu, Maui Governor George Cox Kahekili Keʻeaumoku II, and Lydia Namahana Piʻia. Her father became an advisor and friend to Kamehameha I, eventually becoming royal governor of Maui. He arranged for her sister Kaʻahumanu to marry the king when she was thirteen; she woud be the most powerful leader of the kingdom for several decades.

First Kaheiheimālie married Prince Kalaʻimamahu, Chief Priest of ʻIo and Kāne. He was a brother of Kamehameha I. They divorced around 1795 and she married her former brother-in-law King Kamehameha I in a ceremony known as Hoao-Wohi.[1] She was part of the court of Kamehameha I that met George Vancouver during his expedition in 1794 and agreed to the first treaty with Great Britain.[2]

She had one son and two daughters by her second marriage to Kamehameha I. Her son Prince Kamehameha Kapauaiwa was born about 1801 and died as an infant. Her daughter Victoria Kamehamalu Kekuaiwaokalani (c. 1802–1824) married Liholiho and became Queen consort Kamāmalu when Liholiho became King Kamehameha II. Her youngest daughter Elizabeth Kīnaʻu (c. 1805–1839) succeed her aunt Kaʻahumanu, Kalākua's sister, as Kuhina Nui, co-ruling Hawaii with Kamehameha II.[3] Her daughter from her first marriage with Kalaimamahu was Miriam Auhea Kekāuluohi (c. 1794–1845) who succeeded Elizabeth as the third Kuhina Nui, styled as Kaʻahumanu III.[4]
Through her daughters Elizabeth and Miriam she was grandmother of three more kings: Kamehameha IV, Kamehameha V, and Lunalilo.

She married for the third time at Honolulu, October 19, 1823, to Ulumāheihei Hoapili who was the Governor of Maui. She became a late convert to Christianity and took the name "Miriam" along with her oldest daughter. She was described as physically being "...tall and gigantic" like her siblings.[5] She was known as Hoapili-wahine or "Mrs. Hoapili". She served as Governor of Maui 1840-1842 after her husband's death, and was a founding member of the Hosue of Nobles in 1841.[6] She died on Maui, January 16, 1842 and was at buried Moku'ula. Her remains were later moved to the nearby Waineʻe Cemetery beside her last husband Hoapili.[7]


(1) Kapiikauinamoku (June 19, 1955). "The Story of Maui Royalty: Kamehameha, Kalakua Wed in Hoao-Wohi Rites". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2010-01-01.

(2) Stephen L. Desha (2000). "Chapter 14: Vancounver's Visit". Kamehameha and his warrior Kekūhaupiʻo (Moolelo kaao no Kuhaupio ke koa kaulana o ke au o Kamehameha ka Nui). Translated by Frances N. Frazier. Kamehameha Schools Press. p. 379. ISBN 0-87336-061-3.

(3) Kapiikauinamoku (Sammy Amalu) (June 20, 1955). "The Story of Maui Royalty: Princess Kamamalu Was Kamehamehaʻs Daughter". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2010-01-01.

(4) Henry Soszynski. "Kalakua Kaheiheimalie". web page on "Rootsweb". Retrieved 2009-12-22.

(5) Hiram Bingham I (1855) [1848]. A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands (Third ed.). H.D. Goodwin. p. 164.

(6) "Hoapili office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-11-25.

(7) "Burials in Waialoa Cemetery". Find A Grave web site. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
[edit]External links

They had the following children:

  F i Miriam Auhea Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi) was born on 27 Jul 1794.

Kalaimamahu (Kalanimamahu) [Parents] 1 was born in 1764. He married Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi).

Other marriages:
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)

Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. married Kalaimamahu (Kalanimamahu).

Other marriages:
Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha), (King of Hawaii)
Kinau (Kahoanokukinau), HRH Prince

Fornander and Kamakau call her Kahakuhaakoi.

Kalaimamahu (Kalanimamahu) [Parents] 1 was born in 1764. He married Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani) (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o).

Other marriages:
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),

Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani) (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o) [Parents] 1 was born about 1778 in Pahoehoe, Maui. She died on 16 Sep 1823 in Kaluaokila, Lahaina, Maui. She married Kalaimamahu (Kalanimamahu).

Other marriages:
Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha), (King of Hawaii)
Hoapili-kane, Ulumāheihei

Please see the notes/discussion for her mother.

Ha'o (Ha'o-a-Kana'ina) [Parents] 1, 2, 3. married 4 Kailipakalua (Ka-'ili-pakalua).

Kailipakalua (Ka-'ili-pakalua) [Parents] 1, 2, 3. married 4 Ha'o (Ha'o-a-Kana'ina).

Other marriages:
Kaleiwohi (Ka-lei-wohi),

They had the following children:

  F i Kahailiopua (Kahailiopua Luahine) was born in 1790. She died in 1873.

Kana'ina (Kana'ina I, Kanaina Nui, Kanaina Kaleimano-I-Kahoowaha) [Parents] 1, 2, 3. married 4, 5 Hakau (Hakau-o-Heulu).

Other marriages:
Kalanikuka'ulala'a (Kalani-Ku-ka'ulala'a),

Married his half-sister Hakau. They had the same mother, Moana.

Hakau (Hakau-o-Heulu) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.(Hakau-o-Heulu) married 7, 8 Kana'ina (Kana'ina I, Kanaina Nui, Kanaina Kaleimano-I-Kahoowaha).

Other marriages:
Kalaniopu'u (Kaleiopu'u, Kalaninuieiwakamokukalaniopuu), (Ruling Chief OKUPK
Keohuhu (Ke-'ohu-hü),

SLK Pelioholani (from JOHN LIWAI ENA genealogy):
The fifth son born to Kalaniopuu (k) who married Hakau (w) was Kaweiaokaiani (k) who died young.

Married her half-brother Kanaina. They had the same mother, Moana.

They had the following children:

  M i Ha'o (Ha'o-a-Kana'ina).
  F ii Wahine (Wahine-a-Kanaina).
  M iii Ka'uhi (Ka'uhi-a-Kanaina).
  M iv Kalani'ele (Kalani'ele-a-Kanaina).
  M v Ha'iho.

Mopua [Parents] 1, 2. married Kauaamano.

A High Chief.

Kauaamano 1. married Mopua.

They had the following children:

  M i Kalahuimoku (Kalahuimoku III, Kalahumoku, Kalahumoku-a-Mopua) (Ali'i-o-Hana).

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