Kekoolani Genealogy of the Descendants of the Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii


Jonah (Iona) Piʻikoi 1 was born in 1809. He died on 20 Apr 1859 in Honolulu, Oahu. He married Kekahili (Kekahili-a-Alapaimaloiki) in 1830.

Other marriages:
Kamakee,

Kekahili (Kekahili-a-Alapaimaloiki) [Parents] 1, 2 died on 17 Oct 1884. She was buried in Kalakaua Crypt, Royal Mausoleum, Mauna 'Ala, Nu'uanu Valley. She married Jonah (Iona) Piʻikoi in 1830.

They had the following children:

  M i David Kahalepouli (Ka-hale-pouli) Piʻikoi was born in 1845. He died in 1880.

David La'amea Kahalepouli Kawananakoa (HRH Prince Kawanakakoa) [Parents] 1 was born on 19 Feb 1868 in Honolulu, Oahu. He died on 2 Jun 1908 in San Francisco, California, USA. He was buried in Kalakaua Crypt, Royal Mausoleum, Mauna 'Ala, Nu'uanu Valley, Oahu). He married H.R.H. Princess Abigail Wahi'ika'ahu'ula Campbell Kawananakoa on 6 Jan 1902 in San Francisco, California, USA.

(David Laʻamea Kahalepouli Kinoiki Kawānanakoa Piʻikoi)

EDUCATION:
St. Albans and Punahou Colls., Hawaii; St. Matthew's Episcopalian Sch. for Boys, San Mateo, California, USA; and the Royal Agricultural Coll., Cirencester, England. Adopted by Queen Kapi'olani. Granted the title of Prince and style of His Royal Highness, 1883. Appointed Heir Presumptive after Victoria Kauilani, 29th March 1891. PC and Clerk Dept. of Foreign Affairs, Special Cmsnr. to the USA 1893. Succeeded as Heir Apparent 6th March 1899.

H.R.H. Princess Abigail Wahi'ika'ahu'ula Campbell Kawananakoa [Parents] was born on 1 Jan 1888 in "Keoua Hale", Honolulu, Oahu. She died on 3 Jul 1945 in Queen's Hospital, Honolulu, Oahu. She married David La'amea Kahalepouli Kawananakoa (HRH Prince Kawanakakoa) on 6 Jan 1902 in San Francisco, California, USA.

They had the following children:

  M i H.R.H. Prince Edward David Kawananakoa.

Head of the Royal House of Hawaii
  F ii H.R.H. Princess Abigail Helen Kapi'olani Kawananakoa.

Head of the Royal House of Hawaii
  F iii H.R.H. Princess Helen Lydia Lili'u-o-kalani Kawananakoa was born in 1905. She died in 1969.

Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaʻole (HRH Prince Kalanianaʻole) [Parents] 1 was born on 28 Mar 1870 in Koloa, Kauai. He died on 7 Jan 1922 in "Pualeilani", Waikiki, Oahu. He was buried in Kalakaua Crypt, Royal Mausoleum, Mauna 'Ala, Nu'uanu Valley, Oahu). He married Elizabeth Lydia Kahanu Kaleiwohi Ka'auwai (Princess Kalanianaʻole of Hawaii) on 9 Oct 1896 in St Andrew's Cathedral, Honolulu.

H.R.H. Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalaniana'ole Kawananakoa. b. at Koloa, Kauai, 28th March 1870, educ. Royal Sch., and Oahu Coll., Honolulu, Hawaii; St. Matthew's Episcopalian Sch. for Boys, San Mateo, California, USA; and Royal Agricultural Coll., Cirencester. Adopted by Queen Kapi'olani. Granted the title of Prince and style of His Royal Highness, 1883. Served in the Ministry of the Interior before 1893 and participated in the attempted counter coup in 1895. Imprisoned 1895-1896. Served in the British Army in the Boer War 1899-1900, Hawaiian delegate to the US Congress at Washington DC 1903-1922.

Elizabeth Lydia Kahanu Kaleiwohi Ka'auwai (Princess Kalanianaʻole of Hawaii) [Parents] 1 was born on 8 Mar 1878 in Makawao, Maui. She died on 20 Feb 1932 in Queen's Hospital, Honolulu, Oahu. She married Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaʻole (HRH Prince Kalanianaʻole) on 9 Oct 1896 in St Andrew's Cathedral, Honolulu.

Other marriages:
Woods, James Frank


Kauhiwawaeono [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4. married 5 Hauwahine (Loewahine, Loe-wahine, Loe Uahine).

Hauwahine (Loewahine, Loe-wahine, Loe Uahine) [Parents] 1, 2. married 3 Kauhiwawaeono.

They had the following children:

  F i Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono).
  M ii Kanehoahoa 1, 2.
  M iii Kalolena.
  F iv Kekuauaea (Kekuaiaea).

Pauli Kaoleioku [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 was born about 1767. He married Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono). He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kahailiopua (Kahailiopua Luahine),

Newspaper articles on rare occasion do give different mothers for Pauli Kaoleioku, son of Kamehameha the Great. One INCORRECT account gives Kekuaipiia (Lydia Liliha Namahana-o-Pi'ia) (Queen of Hawaii) as the mother.

Pauli Ka'oleioku was born 1767, Kamehameha illegitimate son by his aunt, Kanekapolei. He was recognised by his father and his son and two daughters were declared Royal Princes and Princesses by their grandfather, including Kalanipauahi (Pauahi) and her half-sister (Laura) Konia.

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According to information in "Hawaiian Genealogies" (Mary Pukui), Kinoiki was considered to be a po'olua by both Kalaniopu'u and Kamehameha. This is why some genealogies have Kalaniopu'u as the father.

Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono) [Parents] 1, 2, 3. married Pauli Kaoleioku.

Other marriages:
Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha), (King of Hawaii)
Kuakini II, John Adams (Kiiapalaoku)

They had the following children:

  F i Pauahi (Pauahi I, Kalani Pauahi).

Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono). He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Manono (Manono II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kalola-a-Kumuko'a,
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),
Kauhilanimaka,


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono) [Parents] 1, 2, 3. married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii).

Other marriages:
Kaoleioku, Pauli
Kuakini II, John Adams (Kiiapalaoku)


Kalolena [Parents] 1, 2. married 3 Kailikauoha.

Kalolena was a great friend of Boki. He was married to Kailikauoha, the hanai mother of Boki's wife, Liliha.

Kailikauoha [Parents] 1. married 2 Kalolena. The parent relationship has been challenged.

Other marriages:
Hoapili-kane, Ulumāheihei

One of two ninaupi'o female children for Kahekili II and Ku (who we say is the same woman as Kauwahine), rarely mentioned in the genealogies (probably due to the controversies surrounding the male offspring). If they are truly offspring, these are Maui royal females of the highest possible rank. We need more information (D. Kekoolani, JAN 2010).

They had the following children:

  M i Kealiikuikahekili (Kealii-Kui-Kahekili) 1.

High Chief Kekuanaoa (Kekūanāoʻa,) Mateo (Mataio) [Parents] 1, 2.Mateo married Pauahi (Pauahi I, Kalani Pauahi).

Other marriages:
Kinau (Kaahamanu II), Elizabeth (Kuhina Nui of Hawaii)
Kalehua,
Kaloloahilani,
Loeau (Loeau I),

According to information in "Hawaiian Genealogies" (Pukui), Kinoiki was a po'olua by Nahiolea and Kiilaweau.

Pauahi (Pauahi I, Kalani Pauahi) [Parents] 1, 2. married High Chief Kekuanaoa (Kekūanāoʻa,) Mateo (Mataio).

Other marriages:
Kamehameha II, Liholiho (King of Hawaii)

Kalani Pauahi (c.1804 - 1826) was a Hawaiian queen consort/princess and a member of the House of Kamehameha. Her grandfather was Kamehameha I, who in 1810 united all of the Hawaiian Islands under his ruling. She was the mother of Princess Ruth Keelikolani.

She was the eldest daughter of High Chief Pauli Kaoleioku, by his first wife, Alii Keoua-Wahine. Her mother was daughter of Kauhiwawaeono of Maui by his wife, Alii Loe-wahine, daughter of Alii Kame'eiamoku, Counsellor of State to King Kamehameha I the Great. Her father was Pauli Ka'oleioku. born 1767, Kamehameha illegitimate son by his aunt, Kanekapolei. He was recognised by his father and his son and two daughters were declared Royal Princes and Princesses by their grandfather, including Kalanipauahi and her half-sister (Laura) Konia.

They had the following children:

  F i Keʻelikolani Ruth (Princess Ruth Luka Keanolani Kauanahoahoa Keʻelikōlani).

Liholiho Kamehameha II (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1 was born in 1797 in Hilo, Hawaii. He died on 14 Jul 1824 in London, England. He married Pauahi (Pauahi I, Kalani Pauahi) on 24 Jul 182 in Waialua,.

FULL BIRTH NAME:
Kalaninui kua Liholiho i ke kapu `Iolani

FULL CORONATION NAME (KING OF HAWAII):
Kalani Kalei`aimoku o Kaiwikapu o La`amea i Kauikawekiu Ahilapalapa Keali`i Kauinamoku o Kahekili Kalaninui i Mamao `Iolani i Ka Liholiho

Pauahi (Pauahi I, Kalani Pauahi) [Parents] 1, 2. married Liholiho Kamehameha II (King of Hawaii) on 24 Jul 182 in Waialua,.

Other marriages:
Kekuanaoa (Kekūanāoʻa,), Mateo (Mataio)

Kalani Pauahi (c.1804 - 1826) was a Hawaiian queen consort/princess and a member of the House of Kamehameha. Her grandfather was Kamehameha I, who in 1810 united all of the Hawaiian Islands under his ruling. She was the mother of Princess Ruth Keelikolani.

She was the eldest daughter of High Chief Pauli Kaoleioku, by his first wife, Alii Keoua-Wahine. Her mother was daughter of Kauhiwawaeono of Maui by his wife, Alii Loe-wahine, daughter of Alii Kame'eiamoku, Counsellor of State to King Kamehameha I the Great. Her father was Pauli Ka'oleioku. born 1767, Kamehameha illegitimate son by his aunt, Kanekapolei. He was recognised by his father and his son and two daughters were declared Royal Princes and Princesses by their grandfather, including Kalanipauahi and her half-sister (Laura) Konia.


Leleiohoku William Pitt [Parents] 1, 2.William married 3 Keʻelikolani Ruth (Princess Ruth Luka Keanolani Kauanahoahoa Keʻelikōlani).

Other marriages:
Nahienaena, Harriet (Nāhiʻenaʻena, Harrieta KNPOH

Keʻelikolani Ruth (Princess Ruth Luka Keanolani Kauanahoahoa Keʻelikōlani) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4.Ruth married 5 Leleiohoku William Pitt.

Other marriages:
Davis, Isaac Young

Ruth Keelikolani Keanolani Kanahoahoa

FROM KAMAKAINANA (July 1896):
M. Kekuanaoa married Pauahi (w.) and had Ruth Keelikolani (Kahalaia was another husband of Pauahi (w.) and he was thought tby some to be the father of Ruth Keelikobani; and the other who was considered was M. Kekuanaoa; however, the Supreme Court decided in favor of M. Kekuanaoa).


This controversy darkend Ruth's entire life and was one of the reasons she was not seriously considered a candidate for the thropne when there was a vacancy.

They had the following children:

  M i Kinau William John Pitt 1, 2 was born on 21 Dec 1842. He died on 9 Sep 1859 in Kohala, Hawaii Island.

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