Kekoolani Genealogy of the Descendants of the Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii


Lakanohoikawehiwehi (Lakaimihau, Laka) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4 was born about 878 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. He married 5, 6, 7 Hikawaolena (Hikawaelena, Hikawelena).

Laka-noho-i-ka-wehiwehi

The genealogist Solomon L.K. Peleioholani says he was called either "Lakaimihau" or "Laka-noho-i-ka-wehiwehi".

Solomon Peleioholani says:
"This Laka is the god or patron of the Hawaiian hula. One tradition says his birthplace was Kipahulu, Maui. His wonderful feats of canoe making and other works were also performed at Kipahulu. He also lived in the district of Koolaupoko, Oahu, more particularly at Kualoa, Waikane and on an island caled "Ke-ahu-a-Laka" about two or three miles outside of Heeiakea."

Hikawaolena (Hikawaelena, Hikawelena) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4 was born about 878 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. She married 5, 6, 7 Lakanohoikawehiwehi (Lakaimihau, Laka).

Chiefess of the Pa'ahoa rains of Waimea, Kauai.
"Hikawaolena" is the name used by genealogist Solomon Peleioholani. Hikawaelena is the name used by Kamakau.

They had the following children:

  M i Lu'anu'u (Lu'anu'u II, Lu'u-'anu'u, Luanuu-a-Laka) was born about 900.
  F ii Kapohuleiula (Kapokulaiula, Kapokuleiulu) was born about 900.

Lu'anu'u (Lu'anu'u II, Lu'u-'anu'u, Luanuu-a-Laka) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4 was born about 900 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. He married 5, 6 Kapohuleiula (Kapokulaiula, Kapokuleiulu).

This Lu'anu'u was an ancestor of the Kauai chiefs, but he was buried on O'ahu when he died.

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There are 3 chiefs and one royal prince named "Lu'anu'u":

(1) LU'ANU'U I, son of Lukahakono - 15 generations after Wakea
(2) LU'ANU'U II, son of Laka (Laka-noho-i-ka-wehiwehi, Lakaimihau) - 33 generations after Wakea
(3) LU'ANU'U III, son of Kamahana - 48 generations after Wakea

The grandson of Kamehameha the Great is H.R.H. Prince Kahalaia Luanu'u. Technically this royal prince would be Chief Lu'anuu IV.

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"Laamea" is the name used by S.L.K. Pelioholani in the Robinson Family genealogy.

Kapohuleiula (Kapokulaiula, Kapokuleiulu) [Parents] 1, 2 was born about 900 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. She married 3, 4 Lu'anu'u (Lu'anu'u II, Lu'u-'anu'u, Luanuu-a-Laka).

Other marriages:
Laamea, (Kane)

Kapohuleiula is the name used by genealogist Solomon Peleioholani.

They had the following children:

  F i Ulumaikehoa (Popomalili) was born about 922.
  M ii Ka'omea (Kamea) was born about 922.

Ka'omea (Kamea) [Parents] 1, 2 was born about 922 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. He married 3 Ulumaikehoa (Popomalili). He had other parents.

"Kamea-a-Lu'anu'u" is the name used by S.M. Kamakau.
Abraham Forander, David Malo and Kamakau say he was "Kamea",son of Kapohuleiula and Luanuu (not Laamea).

"Kaomea" is the correct name used by genealogist Solomon Peleioholani, who says he is the son of Laamea, not Luanuu. In the Robinson Family genealogy, Peleioholani specifically mentions that the claim Kamea is the son of Luanuu is wrong.

Ulumaikehoa (Popomalili) [Parents] 1 was born about 922 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. She married 2 Ka'omea (Kamea).

Ulumaikehoa is the name given by Solomon Peleioholani.
David Malo and Abraham Forander say this was a chiefess named Popomaili.
Brother-sister marriage is "Pi'o".

They had the following children:

  M i Pohukaina was born about 944.
  F ii Huahuakapolei (Huahuakapalei) was born about 944.

Laamea (Kane) 1 was born about 900 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. He married 2 Kapohuleiula (Kapokulaiula, Kapokuleiulu).

Kapohuleiula (Kapokulaiula, Kapokuleiulu) [Parents] 1, 2 was born about 900 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. She married 3 Laamea (Kane).

Other marriages:
Lu'anu'u (Lu'anu'u II, Lu'u-'anu'u, Luanuu-a-Laka),

Kapohuleiula is the name used by genealogist Solomon Peleioholani.

They had the following children:

  M i Ka'omea (Kamea) was born about 922.

Pohukaina [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born about 944 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. He married 4 Huahuakapolei (Huahuakapalei).

Brother-sister marriage is "Pi'o".

Huahuakapolei (Huahuakapalei) [Parents] 1, 2 was born about 944 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. She married 3 Pohukaina.

Huahuakapolei is the name given by genealogist S.L.K. Peleioholani.

They had the following children:

  M i Hua (Hu'a-a-Kapua'i-manaku, Hua-a-Pohukaina) was born about 966.
  F ii Hikimokuleia (Hikimoluoleo) was born about 966.

Hua (Hu'a-a-Kapua'i-manaku, Hua-a-Pohukaina) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born about 966 in Kehoni, Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii. He died in Niua. He was buried in Iao Valley, Maui, Hawaii. He married 4 Hikimokuleia (Hikimoluoleo).

Birthdate is estimate from calculated chronology of the Ulu-Hema Genealogy.

The genealogist Solomon Peleioholani says that Hua was a King of Maui born at Kehoni and on the same island was buried at Iao. He built several heiaus or temples at Lahaina and at Hana.

Brother-sister marriage is "Pi'o".

S.M. Kamakau uses two names when talking about this Hua: (1) Hu'a-a-Kapua'i-manaku and (2) Hua-a-Pohukaina. He built the heiaus of Luakona and Wai'ie near Kapo'ulu (Maui).

Hikimokuleia (Hikimoluoleo) [Parents] 1, 2 was born about 966 in Waianae, Oahu, Hawaii. She married 3 Hua (Hu'a-a-Kapua'i-manaku, Hua-a-Pohukaina).

Birthdate is estimate from calculated chronology of the Ulu-Hema Genealogy.

"Hikimokuleia" is the correct name given by the genealogist Solomon Peleioholani. "Hikimoluoleo" is her name in the Kumulipo. David Malo and Abraham Forander call her "Hikimoluolea".

She was an Ali'i of Waianae, Oahu according to S.L.K. Peleioholani.

They had the following children:

  M i Pau (Paunuiikeanaina, Pau-a-Hua) (Maui Chief) was born about 988.
  F ii Kapohakia was born about 988.

Pau (Paunuiikeanaina, Pau-a-Hua) (Maui Chief) [Parents] 1, 2 was born about 988 in Ohikilolo, District of Waianae, Oahu, Hawaii. He died in Kalae-o-ka-Laau, Maui, Hawaii. He was buried in Iao Valley, Maui, Hawaii. He married 3 Kapohakia.

Pau-nui-i-ke-anaina

Birthdate is estimate from calculated chronology of the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. His full brother-sister marriage is "Pi'o".

S.M. Kamakau uses two names when talking about this Pau: (1) "Pua-nui-i-ke-anaina" and (2) "Pau-a-Hua". The shorter "Pau" is the name used by the genealogist Solomon Peleioholani.

S.L.K. Peleioholani says:

"Pau was born at Ohikilolo, District of Waianae, because his mother Hikimokulaia was an ali'i of that place. Pau became King of the district extending from Ohikilolo to Keawaula. When he was about to die, he was take to Maui to be buried at Iao. He came to his end at Kalae-o-ka-Laau. Kapohakia (w.) , sister and wife of Pau, is said by some genealogists to be a daughter of Lakia. Her son Huanuikalailai was born at Kewalo, Honolulu.

Kapohakia [Parents] 1, 2 was born about 988 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. She married 3 Pau (Paunuiikeanaina, Pau-a-Hua) (Maui Chief).

Birthdate is estimate from calculated chronology of the Ulu-Hema Genealogy.

They had the following children:

  M i Huanuiikalala'ila'i (I) (Hua, Hua-nui-i-ka-la-la'ila'i, Hua-o-Pau) was born about 1010.
  F ii Kapokulani (Molehai) was born about 1010.

Huanuiikalala'ila'i (I) (Hua, Hua-nui-i-ka-la-la'ila'i, Hua-o-Pau) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4 was born about 1010 in Kewalo, Honolulu, Hawaii. He married Kapoea (Kapea, Kapola).

Other marriages:
Kapokulani (Molehai),

Birthdate is estimate from calculated chronology of the Ulu-Hema Genealogy.

Huanuiikalala'ila'i is the name used by genealogist Solomon Peleioholani. ("Hua" for short, but remember that there is already a person named "Hua", two generations earlier). S.M. Kamakau uses two names when talking about this Hua: (1) "Hua-nui-i-ka-la-la'ila'i" and (2) "Hua-a-Pau".

Huanuikalailai is another variation of his name used by Solomon Pelioholani.

Kapoea (Kapea, Kapola) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 was born about 1010 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. She married Huanuiikalala'ila'i (I) (Hua, Hua-nui-i-ka-la-la'ila'i, Hua-o-Pau).

Kapokulani is the correct name given by Solomon Peleioholani.

They had the following children:

  M i Paumakua (Paumakua-a-Hua) (Maui Paumakua) 1, 2, 3 was born about 1032 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy.


ABOUT THE NAME "PAUMAKUA"


Hawaiian traditions mention three Paumakuas:

(1) HAWAI'I ISLAND PAUMAKUA: "Paumakua-a-Hoohokulani", the son of Hakalanileo (k.) and Hoohokukalani (w.)

(2) MAUI PAUMAKUA: "Paumakua-a-Hua", the son of Hua-nui-i-ka-la-la'ila'i (k.) and Kapoea (w.)

(3) OAHU PAUMAKU: "Paumakua-a-Lonoho'onewa", the son of Pau (k.) and Kapalakuakalani (w.). But instead of being called "Paumakua-a-Pau", he is surnamed after his great-grandfather Lonoho'onewa and is known as "Paumakua-a-Lonoho'onewa". The Oahu chief Lonoho'ohewa was famous as a voyaging chief who he went to Kahiki. Paumakua followed in his ancestor's footsteps and also traveled to Kahiki. So he takes after his forefather Lonoho'onewa, hence, "Paumakua-a-Lonoho'onewa". Six generations after Paumakua, his own descendant Laamaikahiki would also continue the tradition of voyaging and travel to Kahiki. This is the famous Paumakua who was an explorer of places outside the Hawaiian Islands. His achievements and adventures are sometimes appropriated by the chiefs of Maui and Hawaii for their own ancestors who are also named Paumakua.

The two Paumakuas from Maui and Hawaii Island are frequently confused with one another in the Maui and Hawaii genealogies. This is because of technical weakness in the genealogies of Hawaii and Maui. Those genealogies from the southern part of the Hawaiian islands are in general weaker and inferior in quality and accuracy to the genealogies of O'ahu and Kauai in the north. The northern genealogies, which emphasize the Nanaulu and Maweke lineages are older, better maintained, less tampered with and are also generally more internally coherent than the southern genealogies from Maui and Hawaii.

The mixing of Paumakuas by the Maui and Hawaii chiefs is the kind of ambuiguity typical of those southern traditions, which need to always be cross referenced and verfied by the northern traditions, whenever possible.

DEAN KEKOOLANI
January 29, 2010
Kapolei, O'ahu, Hawaii

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SOLOMON L.K. PELEIOHOLANI ON THE PAUMAKUAS

From Genealogy of the Robinson family, and ancient legends and chants of Hawaii:

"Some genealogies give the name of Paumakua's parents Huanuikalani, the father and Kapea, the mother. There were two Paumakuas known in Hawaiian traditions: a Hawaii Paumakua and a Maui Paumakua. The latter was the son of Huanuikalailai. It is said that [there is also] an Oahu Paumakua [who] was born a Kuaaohe in Kailua, Koolaupoko. His [great-grand] father's name was Lonohoonewa. That the voyages of the Oahu Paumaku to foriegn lands, 'and his exploits and adventures promiscuosly ascribed by later legends to Paumakua, the ancestor of Hawaii and Maui chiefs".

[ ] brackets above by DEAN KEKOOLANI

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ABOUT S.M. KAMAKAU AND THE PAUMAKUAS ("TALES & TRADITIONS")
(by Dean Kekoolani)

Two of the chiefs named Paumakuas are frequently mixed up: the Maui Paumakua and The Hawaii Island Paumakua. Both have genealogical ties to the Maui chiefs. But one is explicitely claimed and regarded by all as a Hawaii Island chief and the other a Maui Island chief. But often people still don't know who they are talking about the genealogies and disambiguation become necessary at some point.

S.M. Kamakau himself admits he is not sure which Paumakua he is trying to describe in Part 1 of "Tales & Traditions of People of Old", noting only that he knows the Paumakua he is concerned with can be traced back to Hema through one of his ancestors, the chiefess Mano-ka-lili-lani.

Today, using forensic genealogy techniques, we can calculate that Kamakau was talking about the Hawaii Island Paumakua (Paumakua-a-Hoohokukalani). This Paumakua is 13 generations from Hema through Mano-ka-lili-lani.

The other Paumakua (Paumakua-a-Hua) was the Maui Paumakua and was born two generations earlier, being 11 generations from Hema and is related to the chiefess Mano-ka-lili-lani but is not her direct descendant.

Unfortunately, in the same passage, he also incorrectly attributes the travels of the Oahu Paumakua (Paumakua-a-Lonoho'onewa) to this particular Paumakua.

However, appears to redemm himself later in Part 2 of "Tales & Traditions of People of Old" by giving us a detailed description of the O'ahu Paumakus (Paumakua-a-Lonoho'onewa ) when he discusses the history of chiefs traveling to Kahiki.

So the deficiency Kamakau appears to display in Part 1 is not his fault, but rather due to the construction of the book itself, which was put together from newspaper articles long after Kamakau died. It is unfortunate that the editors of "Tales and Traditions" did not annotate the text to show in Part 1 that Kamakau knew about all the Paumakuas and was aware of who traveled to Kahiki and that this would be addressed in Part 2 later. This lack of explanation is a disservice to S.M. Kamakau. In my opinion, this needs to be corrected by the publishers of future editions with a footnote and not just an entry in the notes section later. It's a minor fix and a fair one to expect.

Huanuiikalala'ila'i (I) (Hua, Hua-nui-i-ka-la-la'ila'i, Hua-o-Pau) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4 was born about 1010 in Kewalo, Honolulu, Hawaii. He married 5 Kapokulani (Molehai).

Other marriages:
Kapoea (Kapea, Kapola),

Birthdate is estimate from calculated chronology of the Ulu-Hema Genealogy.

Huanuiikalala'ila'i is the name used by genealogist Solomon Peleioholani. ("Hua" for short, but remember that there is already a person named "Hua", two generations earlier). S.M. Kamakau uses two names when talking about this Hua: (1) "Hua-nui-i-ka-la-la'ila'i" and (2) "Hua-a-Pau".

Huanuikalailai is another variation of his name used by Solomon Pelioholani.

Kapokulani (Molehai) [Parents] 1, 2 was born about 1010 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. She married 3 Huanuiikalala'ila'i (I) (Hua, Hua-nui-i-ka-la-la'ila'i, Hua-o-Pau).

Called "Molehai" by Mitchell in the Hewahewanui genealogy.

They had the following children:

  M i Kalanileo (Lanileo) was born about 1032.
  F ii Kuheleilani (Kuhelani, Kuhealani) was born about 1032.

Haho (Hoaho) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4 was born about 1098 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. He married 5 Kauilaanapa (Kauileanapa, Kauilaianapu).

Called Haho by SLK Peleioholani
Called Hoaho in Kumu Hawaii article (newspaper) published 1835.

Kauilaanapa (Kauileanapa, Kauilaianapu) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born about 1098 in the Ulu-Hema Genealogy. She married 4 Haho (Hoaho).

Other marriages:
Limaloa-Lialea,

Kauilaanapa is the name used by the genealogist S.L.K. Peleioholani.
She is Kauileanapa in Kumu Hawaii article (newspaper) published 1835.

They had the following children:

  M i Palena (Palena I) (Chief) was born about 1120.

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